What is paediatric neurosurgery?
Paediatric neurosurgery refers to the diagnosis, treatment and management of conditions that affect the head, spine and nervous system in children. Paediatric conditions are quite different from those in adults, as they are often present from birth, or require long-term management.
How does tumour removal work?
In many cases, tumours in children can be removed surgically, although it may be necessary to complement the surgery with radiation or chemotherapy treatment. Your surgeon will remove as much of the tumour as possible without affecting brain or nerve function.
What are congenital defects?
Congenital defects are brain abnormalities that occur from birth. They can affect normal brain function and can also occur alongside other health problems. The treatment options depend on the severity of the defect, although surgical procedures such as spinal decompression surgery and shunts can help to relieve symptoms of many conditions.
What is myelomeningocele/spina bifida?
Spina bifida is a birth defect which occurs when the backbone and the spinal canal do not close up before birth. The condition can be repaired with surgery soon after birth, and in some cases it may be necessary to insert a shunt to drain fluid and reduce pressure around the brain.